Last spring was long and cold. What are you going to do about it? If you prefer hot, dry weather, you can move to Arizona. When environmental conditions are undesirable, mobile organisms like us can simply move to more desirable locations. Plants, on the other hand, are usually stuck wherever they start. In this class, we will explore physiological, developmental, morphological, and anatomical adaptations of flowering plants to diverse environments. This course will include a discussion of physiological processes from the cellular level (water and nutrient movements in cells) to the whole plant level (plant adaptations and plasticity in response to environmental stress). We will utilize readings from textbooks and the primary literature to explore plant physiology, with particular emphasis on experimental plant physiology. We will also explore some experimental examples in the lab to better understand how plants photosynthesize, respire, and control water movement. Permission of the instructor is required.