Film is a collaborative art. The director, the writer, the cinematographer, the editor, the actors...all these and several other talents come together to make a movie. “People are incorrect to compare a director to an author,” John Ford said. “If he’s a creator, he’s more like an architect. And an architect conceives his plans according to precise circumstances.” In this course, we will examine the work of four major filmmakers and great architects of cinema: John Ford, Kenji Mizoguchi, Jean Renoir, and Luis Buñuel. All four had long careers whose development and evolution, both stylistic and thematic, we will look into with some care.